• 김태완 기자
  • 승인 2022.03.22 11:16
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COVID-19 is changing a significant part of our lives and making the surge of delivery and telecommuting essential. All of these changes are due to the rapid acceleration of digitalization. Let’s find out what changes are coming. The Korean government is moving rapidly to digital transform in a changing society. Digital New Deal, also known as Deal, Network, Artificial intelligence (D. N. A.), is a recovery strategy to overcome the economic crisis caused by COVID-19. As non-face-to-face communication such as online consumption and remote work spreads, digital capabilities emerge as key elements for national competitiveness. For instance, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is fused to all industries to overcome the economic crisis; moreover, the government introduced the Korean version of the New Deal 2.0 in conjunction with the Green New Deal and Human New Deal. The Green New Deal is a policy that focuses on the environment and people to make sustainable development. An example of this is switching from fossil fuel to renewable energy to a lowcarbon economic structure. In addition, the Human New Deal is a policy that increases society's growth potential and resolves the gap between the rich and the poor through investment in young people; a major part of social change. The expected effect of the three New Deals, which have an investment of 58 trillion won, is strengthening the following four major areas: D.N.A., ecosystem, digital transformation of educational infrastructure, and digitalization of Social Overhead Capital (SOC). This is the plan for the next five years. The Digital New Deal can be narrowed down to four keywords. The first keyword is digital dam. Data utilization and AI innovation services are created through the process of accumulating, processing/combining collected data using 5G, IOT, sensors, and robots. The expected effects include self-driving cars, fine dust reduction, smart factories, AI-based Kyungnam Times ● 27 28 Beyond KU infection prediction, intelligent CCTV, intelligent crime analysis, energy saving, and digital government. Every digital footprint a person makes (e.g., Internet consumption, personal information, and phone records) becomes data for business value. In essence, a person should strive to utilize quality data as much as possible. This way data dams are to build infrastructure so that suitable users can use public data. The second keyword is intelligent government. Intelligent government is providing non-face-to-face customized services using digital foundations such as blockchain, AI, and cloud. Through this, a smart-workenvironments will be implemented to provide advanced services that are faster, more accurate, and more stable. To achieve this, the government is currently investing in introducing mobile ID cards, providing intelligent public services, and converting public information systems into privatepublic clouds. The third keyword is the digitization of Social Overhead Capital (SOC). SOC is to increase the safety and convenience of the people by introducing a digital management system for social infrastructure. For example, installing an Internet of Things (IoT) sensor on a railroad to diagnose realtime conditions and build a railway wireless network capable of large- capacity data communication. In order to respond to flood disasters and improve management efficiency, the government will establish a real-time monitoring system by installing automatic-remote control systems for 73 national river drainage facilities and CCTVs for river management in all sections of the country. The last keyword is Digital Twin. Digital twin is a technology that expresses reality in a virtual world, and also widely used in various industries such as simulation games, and is said to be an important for technology especially used in architecture. The reason why this technology is in the spotlight is that after collecting information through IoT, AI can learn through digital twin simulations to improve performance. In conclusion, university education is encouraging many changes and innovations by accelerating the digital technology revolution and expanding Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and non-face-to-face education methods. KU is striving to grow into an innovative educational institution in the era of digital transformation. John Dewey, an American philosopher and educational reformer, was quoted as saying, "Teaching today's students in the past is like stealing their future."

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