The Past, Now, and Future
The Past, Now, and Future
  • 김성은 기자
  • 승인 2022.06.23 11:09
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Two years have passed since the outbreak of the COVID-19. After the Black Death from 1347 to 1351 and the Spanish flu from 1918 to 1920, infectious diseases were unlikely to appear, but even today, the COVID-19 is threatening our daily lives. Although modern science and medicine are incomparably advanced compared to the past, there is no suitable alternative to fighting a new epidemic. An epidemic that sweeps the human race. How did COVID-19 appear in our daily lives? The Past, Now, and Future COVID-19 The coronavirus first broke out in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in November 17th, 2019. It was initially called Wuhan pneumonia because it was a disease with pneumonia symptoms that first began in Wuhan, China. The virus began to spread beyond China to Asia in January 2020, and by the end of March, it spread to most countries and continents around the world, showing radical development. Amid many infections and deaths, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared an international public health emergency on January 31, 2020. Although alternatives continue to be created and the world is in an emergency, the incidence of COVID-19 is increasing exponentially. The cumulative number of confirmed patients worldwide exceeded 100 million on January 26, 2021, and it exceeded 476 million on March 24. 2022, At that time, as many as six percent of the world's population of about eight billion was confirmed, which means that one out of 16.7 people was confirmed. The preliminary fatality rate of COVID-19 is about one point nine percent, 63 times higher than the fatality rate of the previous 2009 influenza pandemic (about 0.03%). The COVID-19 incident has had a diverse and great influence on people, including an economic vicious circle. Due to the prolonged COVID-19 incident, measures to cope with COVID-19 such as social distancing and self-isolation have emerged. As a result of this, the restrictions on daily life mainly living indoors have increased, and the new term ‘COVID-19 Blue’ has emerged. This is a word made by combining COVID-19 with blue, which refers to depression. According to a study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a survey of about 7,700 students from 128 public and private high schools in the United States showed that more than one-third of U.S. high school students experienced stress, anxiety, or depression during the COVID-19 pandemic, and about one in five took suicide seriously. And, according to Japan's suicide rate statistics, Japan's suicide rate in 2020 increased again for the first time in 11 years. Kyungnam Times ● 31 32 Beyond KU Medical experts say that it is very important to maintain a rhythm of daily life, such as regular sleep and wake-up time, to prevent and overcome COVID-19. It is also helpful to actively make efforts to reduce the risk of infection, such as washing hands or not touching your nose and mouth. In particular, while news related to COVID-19 is making headlines every day, attention should be paid to fake news that can stimulate excessive fear and anxiety. Instead of going out, having a hobby that you can enjoy indoors can also be considered as a solution. You can spend time with home baking, home training while watching YouTube, and toys. There are also many experts and professional counseling institutions that support non-face-to-face psychological counseling through chat or phone, so you can get help if you have a problem. In order to overcome the COVID-19 incident and the COVID-19 Blue, it is important to set goals without losing hope in the environment given to each person, and to try to protect yourself from the virus. One of the reasons why it is difficult to cope with the COVID-19 is that a number of mutations occur. The virus that originated the COVID-19 is SARS-CoV-2, which has a number of mutations. Some of the mutated viruses are particularly important in that they increase infectivity, toxicity, or decrease the effectiveness of vaccines. The first-ever corona virus is the B.1.499 virus, which first occurred on January 1, 2020. According to WHO research results, new strains continue to emerge in the corona virus, including alpha, beta, gamma, epsilon, delta, kappa, eta, and omicron viruses. In particular, in the case of the omicron virus, it is a mutant virus that should be noted in that the infectivity level is very high and the antigenicity is significantly reduced to the level of non-measurable neutralization function. Due to the sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, the world faces many changes and difficulties. In other words, supply chain disruptions, inflation, and tight monetary policy caused by the coronavirus are pouring cold water on the global economy. According to Kristalina Georgieva, president of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the global economic loss from COVID-19 will reach $12.5 trillion (about one point five trillion won) by 2024. He explained that the gap between the rich and poor has widened since the COVID-19 pandemic, the difference in vaccination rates between countries or within countries has been large, and if learning losses and gender influence Have accmulated, more protests, tension, and anxiety anxiety will occur.. He also stressed, "I've never seen the world stop like this in IMF history," adding, "It's much more serious than the 2008- 2009 global financial crisis." According to a survey of 2,200 Americans conducted in February by a U.S. survey, Morning Consultant. In Korea, the number of confirmed cases has decreased significantly. In addition, mask release measures were taken outdoors, and positive directions in the COVID-19 crisis began in earnestly.


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